Pakistan has the sixth-largest population in the world, exceeded only by China, India, the United States of America, Indonesia and Brazil. The official name of Pakistan is "Islamic Republic of Pakistan". The Total Area of Pakistan is 796,095 Sq. km. Population 165 million (estimated)-132 million (1998 Census). Languages Urdu (National) and English (Official). The is Literacy rate 53% futhter progress observed. Government Parliamentary Democracy. The National Flower is Jasmine. National Tree Deodar (Cedrus Deodara). National Animal Markhor. National Bird Chakor (Red-legged partridge). Flora
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry. Fauna The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls. Popular games Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash. Archaeological sites Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai. Major Cities are Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot. Major Crops
Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane. Agricultural Growth Rate 4.1 % on the average for the last six years--1.5% in 2007-08. Total cropped area
25.01 million hectares. Energy Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas.